Strength and Conditioning is the physical and physiological development of athletes for elite sport performance. The role of the S&C coach is to bridge the gap between the theory of training and applied training, helping athletes to become faster, stronger and more flexible and to build their muscular endurance so they perform better and remain injury free.
Strength and Conditioning is about more than lifting weights – it encompasses the entire development of the athlete and what is needed to improve physical performance. This includes plyometrics, speed and agility, endurance and core stability with strength training being just one piece of the jigsaw.
Strength and conditioning coaches work alongside a coach to assist them in designing specific programmes that will address the particular need of the athlete, event and sport. A periodised programme that targets both strengths and weaknesses will produce the best possible performance.
The study of human performance provides the opportunity to maximise an athlete’s physical qualities for their sport. To this end, the primary strength and conditioning objective is injury prevention, followed by performance enhancement. All manner of training tools are used to achieve this.
Movement quality and mechanical efficiency are a primary focus, ensuring a fighter has adequate mobility and stability to control sound movement patterns over a wide range of joint angles. Once this foundation has been established, individualised, periodised programmes are designed to develop the fighter’s strength and power qualities along with appropriate energy systems
It takes time to build effective movement patterns and progressively build athletic qualities, the sooner you start, the more effective you’ll be
The ultimate goal of the Strength & Conditioning professional is to enhance the performance of their athletes within their given sports. This involves:
- Developing physically resilient athletes who are resistant to injury
- Improving the expression of maximal, sport-specific speed and power
- Improving the ability to sustain sport-specific speed and power
To accomplish these goals, the Strength & Conditioning coach will improve the general areas of absolute strength, absolute power, body composition, flexibility, speed, metabolic power, and sport technique, all while following the principles of specificity, overload, and progression.